Peace treaty, May 12th 1997 signed by Boris Yeltsin, President of the Russian Federation and Aslan Maskhadov, President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
PEACE TREATY AND PRINCIPLES OF INTERRELATION BETWEEN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC OF ICHKERIA
12 MAY 1997′
The esteemed parties to the agreement, desiring to end their centuries-long antagonism and striving to establish firm equal and mutually beneficial relations, hereby agree:
1 to reject forever the use of force or threat of force in resolving all matters of dispute.
2 to develop their relations on generally recognized principles and norms of international law in doing so, the sides shall inter-act on the basis of the additional specific agreements.
3 This treaty shall serve as the basis for concluding further agreements and accords on the full range of relations.
4 This treaty is written in two copies and both have equal legal power.
5 This treaty is active from the day of signing.
Moscow, 12 May 1997
Boris Yeltsin, President of the Russian Federation
Aslan MaskhadovPresident of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
“Chechnya: European Parliament recognises the genocide of the Chechen People in 1944
The European Parliament has adopted two amendments tabled by the Radical MEP Olivier Dupuis recognising the Chechen genocide in 1944 and asking to study the Akhmadov Peace Plan
Brussels, 26 February 2004 – In the debate on the Belder Report on EU-Russia relations, the European Parliament has adopted the two amendments tabled by the Radical MEP Olivier Dupuis and supported by over 100 colleagues including Poettering, Paasalinna, Coh-Bendit, Frassoni, Wurtz, Pasqua, Malmstrom and Bonde. The first amendment, adopted almost unanimously, calls on the Commission and the High Representative for CFSP to study the Akhmadov Plan, which proposes, on the basis of the international experience in Kosovo, the establishment of an interim United Nations administration in Chechnya. According to Ilyas Akhmadov, Foreign Minister in the Chechen government of Mr Maskhadov, this international administration should be established, after the withdrawal of the Russian military and civilian forces and the disarmament of the Chechen resistance groups, to oversee the reconstruction of Chechnya and the passage to democracy and the Rule of Law, in order to prevent any possibility of destabilisation. At the end of the transitional period, the Chechen people would be called on to vote on the final status of Chechnya.
The second amendment, adopted by the plenary assembly of the EP, recognises that, on the basis of the IV Convention of The Hague of 1907 and the Convention on the prevention and repression of the crime of genocide adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948, the deportation of the entire Chechen people ordered by Stalin on 23 February 1944 constitutes an act of genocide.”
By The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO), Feb. 27, 2004
(Speech by Rubati Mitsaeva at the Chechnya Conference in the European Parliament, 17 March 2009)
“Ladies and gentlemen,
Please allow me to express my sincere thanks for the opportunity to speak from this podium. I would like to bring one important message to the attention of this conference. My nation is one of the most ancient in the world. The Caucasian race takes its name from our ancient ancestor Caucas. Our nation’s mindset rejects violence. Another feature of this mindset is respect for other people and this is why the Chechen people have never known class divisions or wars of aggression. This is a remarkable fact of our history. The Chechen people have always fought for their freedom. Today, as never before, we are threatened with physical extermination and spiritual degradation. The culprits are your own indifference and the anti-human ideology of the Russicism.
I would like to draw your attention to another message. The Chechens and the Russians are as incompatible as poles of a magnet. There are no spiritual or mental factors which would allow for their co-existence. Violence is the only factor which keeps the Chechen nation within the Russian space. We fight violence, we fight for our right to organise our own life in the same way you organise yours.
So what is impermissible about our demands? One could to some extent understand leaders to whom their nations have entrusted their fates. Indeed, Russia is a nuclear power and in addition Europe’s comforts depend on Russia’s resources but this should not justify the indifference to the fate of a nation being destroyed. Such policies of European states in the 1930s brought Europe’s nations to World War Two.
Europe should not be afraid of Russia’s nuclear arsenal, Russia is too cowardly to use it against you. We are the ones who should be afraid, we, the Chechens, and I shall tell you why.
With the onset of the second Russian-Chechen war one of the Russian State Duma politicians Vladimir Zhirinovsky urged the Russian government to use a nuclear bomb against the city of Dzhokhar (Grozny). I shall adduce just two from a long list of such examples.
With the start of hostilities against the Chechen Republic on 3 January 1995 a spare parts car market in Shali was hit during two air strikes using pellet bombs. Among the victims were over 100 dead. According to the staff of the Shali District Hospital 55 of those were from Shali, with another 186 wounded or injured. The final tally of that barbaric bombing raid against a civilian population has not yet been counted.
The second example concerns a flechette ballistic rocket air strike against the Central market in Grozny. It left 118 dead and over 400 wounded.
In both cases banned weapons of mass destruction had been used. Why? I shall answer this question.
To begin with, Russia wanted to know to what extent the international community would connive in the killing of the Chechen people. Its second task was to paralyse the will of the Chechen people with fear the name of which is state terrorism.
This state was born through terror and terror remains its essence, the essence of its changing regimes and the name for that terror is Russicism. We do not want to be part of that terrorist state.
We are not an Asian people. The Chechens are a European nation. Civilised nations should not have double standards. For this reason I shall read out Article Two of the Convention on Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
‘In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The Chechen people have experienced every clause in this convention, apart from the very last one. ‘Only children under 10, men over 65 and women would be considered refugees’ – this was the statement made on TV for the attention of the whole world by the commander of the North Caucasus Combined Force General Kazantsev, the man given a complete authority and power in the region. As a result of such practices by Russia the Chechen people has lost one third of its population.
Over 40 000 children alone were crippled in the nation which at one time estimated over one million people.
Today the Chechen nation lives in social conditions which would be deemed unbearable by any other nation in the world.
There are psychological and medical experiments carried out on the Chechen people in order to destroy them. In order to carry out such experiments the republic has been declared a closed area.
I would like to remind you of the incident which took place at a school in the village of Shelkovskaya when dozens of school girls, and only school girls, were struck by some mysterious psychological illness. Nobody, even today, has any coherent explanation of this hushed up fact.
The notion of the so-called ‘chechenisation of the conflict’, introduced by the Kremlin, implies genocide during which one set of Chechens are destroying other Chechens.
Today Europe must be aware that the Chechen people single-handedly faced the blow which was meant for the post Soviet republics and peoples of Eastern Europe, in the case of Russia’s victory over them. The annexations of the South Ossetian and Abkhaz territories are a case in point.
The Chechen problem is not Russia’s internal affair. The killing of a people cannot be an internal matter for one state.
The first thing the international community should demand from Russia, in particular, the European community, is that it investigates war crimes committed on the Chechen soil. Otherwise, a tribunal similar to the Nuremburg Trial should be set up.
Secondly, Europe should assist the Chechen nation in holding free elections in order to elect a legitimate government in accordance with the constitution of the ChRI. There is no other way of resolving a many centuries old conflict between the Chechen people and the Russian rulers. Specific mechanisms for resolving this conflict are contained in the proposal by our first president Dzhokhar Dudaev, which, for want of time, I shall bring to the attention of the high conference separately.
Thank you for your attention.
Conceptual principles of future relations between RF – Russia and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeriya.
Despite 436 years of confrontation between Russia and Ichkeriya, the burden of crimes committed by the Russian side in relation to the Chechen nation throughout this historical period, despite the repeated military aggression against the ChRI in order to:
destroy the Chechen nation
destroy the ChRI state
annex its territory and natural resources
despite the previously unseen cruelty with which this aggression has been carried out and which resulted in a gigantic and irreparable damage, the Government and the people of the ChRI adhere to the principles of international law both in building the ChRI state and in resolving any complex issue between nations and states and are opening up a way for a peaceful settlement of the military conflict, based on the following principles of future relations:
1. The Chechen nation and the ChRI state can under no circumstances be part of the Russian Federation due to the gravity of crimes committed against them throughout the centuries, due to the intransigence in the relations of the two sides as well as the illegitimate nature of the state entity which is the Russian Federation – Russia and its violation of the basic norms of law and democracy.
2. Under the international guarantees (the UN, US and the EU) and with the parties observing their contractual obligations, the ChRI could become an equal member of the CIS, integrating its main sectors of the economy (oil and gas production and refinement and transportation) for a period of ten years with a right to secede from the CIS if the Russian side or other CIS members renege on their contractual obligations towards the ChRI.
3. Broad cooperation with Russia, the CIS countries and countries of the international community in all areas covered by separate agreements.
After a violent and destructive war an equal membership in the international community requires that the making of the ChRI state be based on the principles of democracy and international law. This is the most difficult stage which would require help from the UN, US and Europe in the form of:
1. Assistance with the withdrawal of the Russian troops from the occupied territories.
2. Presence of observers without any complexes or biased attitudes, who would be real guarantors of the parties fulfilling their obligations.
3. Participation in the preparation and execution of free elections.
4. Provision of credit to buy back military equipment and weapons from the population .
5. Mine disposal in areas and facilities.
6. Environmental rehabilitation.
7. Guarantees of non-resumption of violence.
8. International cooperation in the field of non-proliferation of international terrorism and organised crime.
9. Medical and humanitarian aid for victims of war.
Direct and unconditional benefits of a peaceful resolution of the military conflict and of a mutually beneficial cooperation for Russia are as follows:
1. Stabilisation of the situation in the RF itself during the period of power struggle and state building in the RF.
2. Transition to legal norms in resolving controversial issues which would enhance Russia’s reputation and build trust in the international community, among the subject of the RF and in the CIS.
3. Economic stabilisation in view of cutting the back-breaking burden of military spending required to wage a war.
These are just a few of the direct benefits which would be succeeded by indirect benefits, far greater than the direct ones.
In the case of Russia continuing its violent approach, both it and the international community would get: 500 000 men aged 17 to 50 who have lost a roof over their heads, means to support themselves, jobs, whose souls have been scarred by war, who are well armed, who can fight, who are desperate and who are fanatical in their belief in the justice of the Creator of Worlds and who would gladly prefer to die in a sacred war than to live in shame in the evil world. The entire Chechen nation is united in its striving for independence whatever tribulations it would have to live through along the way.
The ChRI Government and the people want to see the Caucasus as a:
1. Demilitarised zone
2. Nuclear free zone
3. Zone of economic and political cooperation with a single currency
4. Zone of a peaceful nature preservation
5. Zone for research and study of world culture, history and languages
6. Regional centre for world religions
Each of the points would be supported by scientific and technical studies which mean nothing but benefits for the entire mankind.
As a proxy member of the international community the ChRI proclaims its aspiration:
– to become a member of the ‘peoples’ charter’, guarantor of the adherence to all legal norms;
– the ChRI as a state and the Chechen people as a nation do not harbour historical antagonisms or claims towards any state or nation in the world;
– the ChRI expresses its readiness for mutually beneficial cooperation with all countries and peoples of the world in all areas.
In view of the absence of a worthy international guarantor of the adherence to rights and freedoms of nations and of conflict resolution, the ChRI and its people are devoted to the search for peace and accord through mankind’s spiritual potential in the shape of world religions.
Mankind enters the 21 century not by creating but by destroying. In the last 10 years alone vast geopolitical areas have been involved in unwarranted massacre of people, destruction, regional conflicts and growing crime. This is happening against the background of limited natural resources, growing population, fragile democracy and spiritual poverty of populations, absence of an effective international guarantor of rights and freedoms.
A peaceful resolution of the Russian-Chechen war could help to bring about global peace which is so badly needed on the eve of the mankind’s entering the 21 century.”
The First Deputy Represantative of Chechen Republic Ichkeria Government in Poland
“Speech by Rubati Mitsaeva at the Chechnya Conference in the European Parliament, 17 March 2009”
Akhmed Zakayev speech at ‘Oslo Freedom Forum’, May 20, 2009
Akhmed Zakayev is the prime minister of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. A former actor, he served as the chairman of the Chechen Union of Actors. A veteran of the First Chechen War, Zakayev was one of the signatories of the Chechen-Russian peace treaty signed in 1997, and served as Chechen deputy prime minister after the war. When Russia attempted to implicate him in the planning of the Moscow theater siege in 2002, a British court refused to extradite Zakayev—living with his family in exile in the U.K.—stating that his life would be at risk if he returned to Russia. He was granted political asylum in 2003. Zakayev leads an alternative political movement that rejects the violent Chechen Islamist insurgency and the Russian-backed Chechen government of Ramzan Kadyrov.
May 20, 2009
Said-Emin Ibragimov Requests International Criminal Court to Open a Criminal Case Against Putin (LETTER TO PROSECUTOR)
Said-Emin Ibragimov Requests International Criminal Court to Open a Criminal Case Against Putin (LETTER TO PROSECUTOR)
|WRITTEN BY ADMINISTRATOR|
|SATURDAY, 05 JULY 2014 12:42|
|TO THE PROSECUTOR OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT
Mrs Fatou Bensouda
P.O. Box 19519
2500 CM, The Hague
I am addressing this Communication to you with a request to open a criminal case proprio motu against President Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin and military and political personnel of the Russian Federation who have committed heinous crimes, – Aggression, Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity, and War Crimes – against the Chechen people. Please accept my application to open and conduct an objective investigation to bring to justice all the individuals responsible for these bloody crimes and objectively assess the extraordinary situation associated with the fact that the Chechen Republic is currently under occupation by the Russian Federation, with all the attendant consequences of that fact.
These consequences do not allow representatives of the Chechen people to appeal directly to the International Criminal Court in the normal manner, but bureaucratic formalities should not provide protection for the bloodthirsty perpetrators of crimes to which there are a huge number of witnesses all over the planet. In order to avoid establishing a dangerous precedent of impunity for bloodthirsty criminals and to restore historical justice, I ask you to use such universal jurisdiction as is permissible for the International Criminal Court and to seek a way of investigating this case through the procedure of proprio motu on the basis of Article 15 of the Rome Statute and this Communication. I solemnly declare my belief that the crimes committed by political and military personnel of the Russian Federation against the Chechen people fall within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.
Bearing in mind that the jurisdiction of the ICC is not retroactive and that the Court may consider only crimes committed after the coming into force of the Rome Statute and the establishment of the Court, I request that you acknowledge as fact that (de jure and de facto) the war crimes of political and military personnel of the Russian Federation against the Chechen people are ongoing, that no Treaty of Peace has been concluded, and that the territory of Chechnya has been occupied and annexed by Russia. Each of these facts provides grounds for initiating criminal proceedings against the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, and other guilty parties who have committed and continue to commit crimes against the Chechen people at the present time, after the coming into force of the Rome Statute and the establishment of the Court. The refusal by the rulers of Russia (for obvious reasons) to ratify the ICC Statute cannot be used as a legal and logical reason for the impunity of major criminals, the description of whose crimes will fill hundreds of volumes.
Political and military personnel of the Russian Federation attempted to use a premeditated method of justifying their crimes in Chechnya, and for this purpose from the outset planned to start a war under the pretext of “protecting Russian lives”. For this, they even placed information in advance in the media about a “genocide of the Russian-speaking population of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria”. This devious plan was subsequently used by Russian spin doctors against Georgia and Ukraine. Russia’s plan was unsuccessful in Chechnya, as their intelligence agencies failed to create an armed confrontation between Russians and Chechens, who had for many years lived in friendship without any particular problems in their relationship. Nevertheless, discrimination on ethnic grounds against Chechens continues now not only in Russia but also far beyond its borders.
The myth of genocide of Russians in the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria was systematically propagated, and to this end the media played up individual domestic incidents. The number of citizens “killed by the Chechens” included Russian-speaking citizens of the CRI who, for the most part, were killed by Russian aerial bombing, Russian bullets and shells, although there were isolated cases of murder on both sides. Even in those challenging times, these led to criminal proceedings. Many Chechens understood that Russian-speaking citizens of the CRI were among the most vulnerable people in Russia itself and offered them a helping hand. Restoring the rights of the Russian-speaking population of the CRI remains an issue at the present time. The deviousness, injustice and extreme brutality of Russia’s war against the Chechen people is to this day veiled in semi-secrecy.
Russian political and military personnel prepared systematically for war against the CRI long before it started, exploiting their numerous advantages. With experience of fuelling conflicts and hatred of enemies, the intelligence services committed acts of terrorism and other crimes, attributing them to Chechens, or with the direct participation of their own Chechen agents of influence. These acts of terror and atrocities were filmed by video camera during the staged commission of the crime and represented to the international community as “terrorist acts typical of the Chechen mentality.” These and many other methods (unknown to the naive Chechens) were used to form a negative image of the Chechen people among the international community. There was criminal, systematic discrimination against Chechens from every direction.
In order to shift the blame for their crimes on to the victims of their crimes (the Chechen people), known Chechen criminals, and others potentially capable of committing crime were recruited and artificially given a high profile for subsequent exploitation. These people were lionised and infiltrated into the ranks of the Chechen Resistance. Each was allocated a role by the Russian intelligence agencies and, even while performing these roles, many of them may not even have been aware that they were collaborating with the Russian intelligence agencies and Armed Forces of Russia to commit crimes against their own people.
For the first time in its centuries-old history, the Chechen people was sharply divided into friends and foes, supporters and opponents of Independence, and especially into different religious groups. For the first time, repressive pro-Russian security units were formed in Chechnya which unquestioningly carry out all orders, including criminal orders, from their Russian idol, Putin. Abductions, extrajudicial killings, and an atmosphere of fear have become the norm in the lives of the Chechen people. A Chechen Fifth Column acts jointly in Chechnya with numerous Russian armed forces, intelligence agencies and death squads.
Through a variety of methods and repressive measures against particular religious groups, they facilitate the creation of an armed underground to continue the bloodshed and “justify” all their new crimes. The best sons and daughters of the Chechen people and of the entire Caucasus are volunteering to die for their homeland, little suspecting that their every move and action is being monitored by the Russian intelligence agencies and manipulated by Russian agents. The bloodshed is no longer confined to Chechnya, but extends to all the countries in the Caucasus.
The main culprit of this inhuman and bloody scenario, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, to this day goes unpunished and continues to devise new scenarios and commit new crimes. By using the threat of nuclear weapons, Putin coerces the international community into classifying the most monstrous crimes against the Chechen people as “an internal matter for Russia”. He toys with the lives of people, building up his power, not because he has any lack of power, but because without the protection which force and power afford, he might find himself the defendant in a criminal court. Putin’s consolidation of his power and rapid accumulation of financial capital is a potential threat to peace on earth and the international community, and it is important that this should be realized.
Madam Prosecutor and High Court, I ask you to show firmness and integrity in applying the principle of the rule of law in reality and for the restoration of historical justice, which will ultimately result in the strengthening of security and peace on earth. Restoration of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of the tormented Chechen people is only possible if you, despite the legally unjustified obstacles erected by political and military personnel of the Russian Federation, act from a position of generally accepted norms and principles of international law and of the rule of law. Even the most unsophisticated criminal creates an alibi before committing a crime; that is, circumstances which can ensure his impunity. For this purpose, Russia mobilises all its immense capabilities, and at present the ICC, as well as other international courts, is being led by the nose by the Russian criminals to remain silent about the Chechen issue.
If you wish to preserve the mission and good name of the ICC, you cannot restrict yourself to prosecuting only those criminals who are unable to defend themselves by force. Sooner or later you will have to take a firm and principled stand in respect of the crimes of Russia, without being intimidated by its potential to abuse power. The place for criminals is in the dock. In this case, you have the opportunity not only to restore justice, but also to establish a historic precedent which will make potential criminals of every rank think about the inevitability of punishment, and cause them to refrain from similar crimes in the future. Criminal prosecution of the perpetrators of the most heinous crimes of the century against civilians in Chechnya will restore faith in the international community in justice and due process of law, save millions of lives, and impact positively on the future of human civilization.
Having satisfied themselves that international institutions and politicians are indecisive and unable to curb those who consider themselves all-powerful, Russian political and military personnel, under the leadership of Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, criminally disregard international law and justice. By murders within Russia and far beyond its borders, they suppress dissent and threaten their other potential victims that they may do the same to them if they dare to talk, write, or otherwise recognise the criminal nature of their bloody crimes. This, and reference to political inexpediency, is the main reason why many politicians, committed journalists, and even human rights activists, essentially defending the rights of a criminal regime, everywhere go to great lengths to ignore the Chechen issue, under the pretext of deferring to “stabilization” in Chechnya.
The Russian media, reporting the deaths of civilians in Ukraine, overlook the fact that the Ukrainian scenario was largely devised in the Kremlin by analogy with Chechnya. They shy away from mentioning that Russian political and military personnel are primarily responsible both for the crimes against the Chechen people and against the people of Ukraine. World politicians and national leaders remain silent on this point, despite the relatedness of these events. Those making major political decisions try to dismiss from their memory the problems of the Chechen people, although they should be mindful that all these things are interlinked.
The Chechen people are unlikely to be so forgetful of the indiscriminate bombing of Chechen centres of population using weapons banned by international conventions, indiscriminate massacres, abductions, inhuman and degrading torture, extrajudicial killings, and other large-scale crimes against civilians which no one has officially recognised as crimes. Or was it that nobody dared, or was interested in stigmatising them as crimes, fearing that to do so might adversely affect their political, economic, or personal interests? They overlook the possibility that they or their loved ones may be potential victims of the criminals. They forget the terrible consequences of inaction on the part of the international community during the appearance and rise of fascism in Germany, and of Russian chauvinism in the first half of the twentieth century. We all know how that cowardly silence and indifference ended.
The modern world, unfortunately, also fails to learn the lessons of our tragic history. A heavy blow has been dealt to universal values developed by human genius over many centuries, of which the most important are the rule of law and defence of human rights and freedoms. The main culprits of this immense damage are undoubtedly Putin and his “pyramid of power”, who have been guilty of crimes the like of which the world has not seen since the Second World War. Blackmailing and waving their “nuclear big stick”, passing any law which suits their interests, repressing and murdering dissidents, pressuring the international community to remain silent about the crimes committed in Chechnya, they continue to build up their criminal power and are a potential threat to the rest of the world.
Untying this criminal knot is possible only if there is firm determination on the part of the international community and the Court. The weakness of the international community in leaving crimes unpunished has galvanised the Russian criminals to commit further crimes, and among their victims have been: sovereign Georgia, against which Russia waged war in 2008, and Ukraine in 2013, with blatant annexation of their territories which showed up the feebleness of the international community and international law. It demonstrated that in the modern world might is still right.
Russia tested this in Chechnya and, finding that the international community was not prepared to present a united front against the tyranny of powerful criminals, flaunted its disdain for international institutions and universally recognised norms and principles of international law. Russia planted an evil root in Chechnya, and has already propagated the same poisonous root to the Georgian and Ukrainian peoples. If the international community continues to remain silent about the bloody crimes, and methods used by Russia to justify its crimes, in Chechnya, this evil growth will inevitably spread.
Describing the detail of crimes committed against the Chechen people is not enough to bring the culprits to court, and has only moral force. Accordingly, we give below merely a brief outline of the most serious crimes perpetrated by the political and military personnel of the Russian Federation against the Chechen Republic and its multi-ethnic people:
The Crime of Aggression
The Russian Federation on 11 December 1994 and on 6 September 1999 unleashed two bloody wars, with the involvement of a Russian Army many thousands strong, against the Chechen Republic and its multi-ethnic people. According to Resolution 3314, adopted at the 29th Session of the UN General Assembly on 14 December 1974, such actions count as a Crime of Aggression. Section XII (Chapter 34) of Article 353 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation classifies as crimes against peace the planning, preparation, initiation or waging of a war of aggression. In both the above cases, the committing by the Russian Federation of Crimes of Aggression against the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and the Chechen people is in no doubt.
As the ICC does not as yet have jurisdiction over Crimes of Aggression, we merely note the fact of Aggression. After the Court adopts provisions in accordance with Articles 121 and 123 which define the Crime and set out the circumstances in which the Court will exercise jurisdiction in respect of this Crime, appropriate addenda to this Communication will be forwarded.
The Crime of Genocide
The Crime of Genocide was premeditated by political and military personnel of the Russian Federation, under the direction of Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, with the intention of wholly or partially annihilating the Chechen people.
The premeditated nature of this Crime was confirmed by an official statement of the former Prime Minister, now President, of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, on 24 September 1999, during a press conference in Astana, where he commented on the events of the previous day, namely the bombing by Russian aircraft of the Chechen city of Grozny. Replying to reporters of the ORT television channel about these bombings and the indiscriminate killing of civilians, Putin said, and we quote verbatim, referring to all Chechens without identifying any individuals:
“We will pursue the terrorists everywhere. At the airport, if that is where we find them. So, if you will excuse me, if we catch them in the toilet, we will pulp them in the latrines, if it comes to that. That is it. All further discussion is over.”
In making public this murderous and illegal threat, Putin made it unambiguously clear that he personally was sentencing to death all Chechens, without burdening himself or his subordinates with the need to collect evidence against the victims of their crimes. With this criminal threat, which translated from the language of the common criminal into the language of human beings expresses his intention to murder without legal investigation, Putin signalled to his subordinates that they were now at liberty to commit crimes without fear of punishment. He revealed his evil and criminal intent of committing Genocide against the Chechen people and violated one of the basic principles of criminal justice: presumption of innocence, enshrined in Part 2 of Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The massive indiscriminate bombing of peaceful towns and settlements, the massacres of innocent people (including Russians, whom the Russian rulers falsely claimed they had “intended to protect”) which followed in the wake of Putin’s statement, prove that his threat was de facto directed not at specific “terrorists” but at the entire civilian population without discrimination. How Putin’s threat was carried out is documented in the Russian and international press.
Madam Prosecutor, I ask you in your investigation and verdict to pay particular attention to the above threat by Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin. This statement was followed by the murder of many thousands of innocent people, including more than 40,000 children, and other inhuman crimes against hundreds of thousands of innocent citizens of the Chechen Republic. These extrajudicial killings and other atrocious crimes testify to the premeditated Genocide of the Chechen people by political and military personnel of the Russian Federation under the leadership of Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin.
The necessary evidence and additional materials to prove the committing of the Crime of Genocide by political and military personnel of the Russian Federation against citizens of the Chechen Republic have been prepared and will be presented in the course of your investigation.
Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes
Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes which have been committed and are still being committed by political and military personnel of the Russian Federation against the Chechen people are crimes against all humankind and have no Statute of Limitations. The principal war criminal, with whose tacit approval or on whose orders the Russian Army and intelligence services have committed atrocious crimes against the Chechen people, is the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin. He initiated his crimes with his criminal statement of 24 September 1999 and gross violation of the Treaty of Peace and Principles of Relations between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria of 12 May 1997, which was signed by Presidents Yeltsin and Maskhadov. Paragraphs 1 and 2 of the Treaty state:
The High Contracting Parties, desiring to stop centuries of conflict, seeking to establish strong, equal and mutually beneficial relations, agree to:
1. Forever renounce the use or threat of the use of force in resolving all disputatious matters.
2. Build their relations in accordance with the generally recognised principles and norms of international law and cooperate in areas defined by specific agreements.
The cynical violation of the Treaty of Peace of 12 May 1997, and criminal statement of 24 September 1999, clearly indicate that Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin was preparing a “bridgehead” for war against the Chechen people and knew about the imminent numerous victims of his inhuman plan and rise to unbounded power uncontrolled by civil society. Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin tried to justify his bombing without a declaration of war of Grozny, the capital of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, and other peaceful towns and cities by characterising it as “retaliation for an attack by Chechen armed insurgents on Dagestan” and “retribution for the blowing up of apartment blocks in Russia” which, according to media reports, were in fact organized and carried out by the Russian intelligence services.
This criminal war was unleashed by the rulers of Russia against peaceful citizens who were entirely without guilt for the fact that international gangs came to Chechnya, at the request of some of their co-religionists, prepared to fight in pursuit of goals and interests which were clearly not those of the Chechen Government. If the armed conflict had been between them and the Russian Armed Forces, that would at least have been understandable, but ordinary people, living peacefully in their homes and completely uninvolved in campaigns in Dagestan or apartment bombings, should not be punished or murdered for crimes they did not commit. Neither was Aslan Maskhadov, the democratically elected President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, or his Government involved in the events in Dagestan. Maskhadov officially condemned the incursion by volunteers into Dagestan and described it as a provocation targeted against the CRI and the Chechen people.
It is simply not credible that Russia, which claims the status of a superpower, having at its disposal a huge army and the very latest weaponry, was incapable of sealing the border between Dagestan and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and dealing with a small group armed only with firearms and rocket-launchers and which, according to various estimates, numbered between 1,000 and 2,500 fighters. All the more strange is the fact that, after fierce fighting in which the Russian side made use of aircraft and heavy armour, the volunteer detachments were able to return without heavy losses and in safety to Chechnya, to be followed on to Chechen soil by a brutal war which cost huge numbers of lives. The inference is obvious: credible information from many sources indicates that the attack on Dagestan by armed groups and the series of terrorist attacks in Russian cities (Moscow, Buynaksk, and Volgodonsk) on 4-16 September 1999 was organised by the intelligence services of Russia, under the direction of Putin, to provide the pretext for a war of aggression against the CRI.
The view that the Kremlin, and Putin personally, were behind these bloody crimes is held on a massive scale throughout the world. It is a truth which nobody yet officially recognises, but neither is it refuted. Despite such serious suspicions, Putin and other top Russian political and military personnel who have on their hands the blood of hundreds of thousands of innocent people, are received around the world at the highest level and have their hands shaken by people evidently not afraid to soil themselves with the blood of the innocent people they have slaughtered. Here are a few examples taken from the vast number of war crimes committed by political and military personnel of the Russian Federation:
On 7-8 April 1995 a so-called “military cleansing operation” was carried out in the village of Samashki by the Russian Interior Ministry’s Sofrinskaya Brigade, Moscow Province riot police, Orenburg Rapid Response Squad, and with involvement of the Vityaz Special Operations Unit. More than 3,000 soldiers took part in the “operation”, along with artillery, tanks, Hurricane (BM-27) and Hail (BM-21) multiple rocket launchers. During the “cleansing”, war crimes were ostentatiously committed against civilians. People sheltering in their basements had grenades thrown down among them and many were burned alive with flamethrowers. Among the dead were women, children, and the elderly. Seriously injured people were prevented by the soldiers from obtaining medical treatment for several days and many of them died in agony. Nobody was held responsible for these crimes.
In the village of Novye Aldy on 5 February 2000, two Russian military units, the Ryazan Provincial and St Petersburg riot police, conducted a “cleansing” operation. The two units behaved in different ways. The Ryazan police, operating in the southern part of the village, engaged in looting and extortion but did not commit murders; while the St Petersburg police savaged innocent citizens. They killed 56 people, including six women, one of whom was 9 months pregnant, 11 people aged over 60 years, and a one-year-old baby. One of the murdered, 49-year old Sultan Temirov, was beheaded and his body was thrown to the dogs. This indicates that each of these units was set a separate task, and that the war crime was pre-planned. To date, no one has been held responsible. According to intelligence, the number of victims would have been considerably higher but for the courage and resourcefulness of the village doctor, Aset Chadayeva.
On 21 October 1999, the centre of Grozny was subjected to strikes by ground-to-ground tactical missiles with cluster warheads filled with pellets. The greatest number of casualties was at the Central Food and Clothing Market, the National Maternity Hospital, and a mosque. Hundreds of civilians were killed and wounded, among them newborn babies, mothers, worshippers at the mosque, and people who had come to the market to shop. Launching these murderous strikes with bombs banned under international conventions, the Russian soldiers and their leaders who knowingly issued criminal orders committed Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes.
These and hundreds of other atrocities committed by political and military personnel of the Russian Federation against the Chechen people confirm beyond doubt that Putin and those executing his criminal orders are heartless killers for whom there can be no forgiveness. In accordance with the European Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitation to Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes of 25 January 1974, they are fully liable to the penalties they have merited. If laws are passed which permit bloody crimes, or the above bloody crimes, they cannot be considered just laws from the standpoint of international law, logic, or human morality. Any reasonable person must oppose laws which permit the murdering of people with impunity and the committing of other heinous crimes.
Madam Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, in view of the above arguments, I request that you: study the present Communication and, in order to restore historical justice, open a criminal case against the President of the Russian Federation,Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, and the political and military personnel involved in the committing of Aggression, Genocide, Crimes Against Humanity, and War Crimes against the Chechen people.
President of the Peace and Human Rights International Association
1, rue Mulhouse
‘Chechens are Eligible to Press Their Human Rights Case’, July 16, 2014
‘Chechens are Eligible to Press Their Human Rights Case’
By: Adel Bashqawi 16, July, 2014
Human Rights / Eligibility Criteria
The Chechen people is like any other people in the world, is entitled to make a decision and to choose own destiny, according to its national interests. The European Union’s Human Rights introduction on the subject which details: “Human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights – these values are embedded in the EU treaties. Now they have been reinforced by the Charter of Fundamental Rights (http://europa.eu/pol/rights/index_en.htm).”
All nations of the world are equally entitled to enjoy the freedom of practicing their basic human rights without discrimination. Human rights are universal and inalienable privileges inherent to all human beings alike, no matter what is the race, place of birth or residence, sex, ethnicity, complexion, religion or belief, language, or any other way of life status.
Universal human rights are expressed and guaranteed by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other central human rights documents, in the “forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups (http://www.ohchr.org/en/issues/pages/whatarehumanrights.aspx).”
The End of the Soviet Era
Boris Yeltsin was elected as a President for the newly emerged Russian Federation in June 1991. Economical restructuring was adopted to get rid of communism and socialism, in order to activate necessary reforms for introducing privatization and market economy, beside free trade, which situated Russia in uncalculated economic difficulties. “Russia in the 1990s was dominated by poverty, corruption and violence (http://www2.needham.k12.ma.us/nhs/cur/Baker_00/03-04/baker%20poland%20p1/ussr.htm).”
Inspirations for independence have grown on a large scale since the collapse of the Soviet Union (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1112551.stm), and the emergence of 15 independent states, tens of peoples and nations in the North Caucasus and other regions have stayed ruled by one of those emerged states, which is the Russian Federation. Chechnya among many other nations and peoples have repeatedly raised their reasonable demands to restore their basic human rights in different ways and means, to the central government residing in Moscow, but no positive response was received or provided to allow people to enjoy living freely in their homeland and to get rid of deep-seated sufferings.
Peoples of the Caucasus who lived in their homeland for thousands of years, had to be subjugated and ruled by the Tsarist Imperial Russia in the Nineteenth Century after disastrous devastating wars (http://eng.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/27024/ and http://www.answers.com/topic/caucasian-war), and subjugation had continued through the Soviet era and still controlled and governed by the Russian Federation, regardless of the nominal designations of the local Russian government administrative staff!
Chechens File Legal Case in the International Criminal Court
The legitimate Vice Premier of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria and its representative to Int’l organizations, Said-Emin Ibragimov, has declared that he will start proceedings and will provide a citation to the International Criminal Court in The Hague, against Vladimir Putin and other Russian political and military leaders accusing them of crimes: aggression, genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes (http://chechencenter.info/n/44-european-news/2181-three-way-to-support-chechens-in-proceedings-to-be-started-in-the-icc.html).
The “accusations” were filed with the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court as to start proceedings and looking at summarized atrocities suffered by the Chechen people after the collapse of the evil soviet Union, as a result of the 1st Russian-Chechen War, December 1994 to August 1996 http://faculty.oxy.edu/richmond/csp8/first_chechen_war.htm), which was triggered by Boris Yeltsin and the 2nd Russian-Chechen War (August 1999 until the so-called the termination of the military phase of the counter-terrorist operations in April 2002 http://faculty.oxy.edu/richmond/csp8/second_chechen_war.htm) that was declared by Vladimir Putin against Chechnya and the Chechen People based on flimsy grounds, which was witnessed, observed and followed by millions of people around the world through the Media and TV reports (http://chechencenter.info/n/44-european-news/2180-said-emin-ibragimov-requests-international-criminal-court-to-open-a-criminal-case-against-putin-letter-to-prosecutor.html), let alone the pursuit, arrest and murdering Chechen dissidents in Diaspora and in even Moscow (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-13621483, http://www.uznews.net/en/politics/19234-killing-of-exiled-dissidents-in-europe-not-unheard-of-journalist-claims, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/06/world/europe/06chechnya.html?_r=0 and http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3852697.stm).
Through the years, Chechens, have suffered of imperial invasion, murder, destruction, genocide, deportation and ethnic cleansing been carried out by the Russian military forces, which resulted in atrocities, occupation and annexation.
As per the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, “genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
The word “genocide” translated or defined in 80 languages (http://www.preventgenocide.org/genocide/languages.htm).
The clear objectives should lead to a careful glance at important issues, because “if you’re on the right track, you’ll get run over if you just sit there”. There should not be excuses for why not getting it done, but it must be focused on all the reasons why they should happen. A success will be achieved if a review is performed for the international, and United Nations charters, declarations and laws:
-Charter of the United Nations (http://www.un.org/en/documents/charter/)
– The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/)
– United Nations General Assembly Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (http://www.un.org/en/decolonization/declaration.shtml)
– United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (http://www.ohchr.org/en/Issues/IPeoples/Pages/Declaration.aspx)